Programme Brain Drain:
Emigration of highly qualified junior scientists?
1999 – 2006
Against the background of the very pithily named «war for talents» in the late 1990s – above all in the US – the newly established Gebert Rüf Stiftung launched the brain drain theme: Is Switzerland really facing a tacit emigration of highly qualified junior scientists?
A phantom under scrutiny
Support for innovation means supporting the next generation, especially the most highly qualified individuals. No good curriculum is complete without a post-doc stay at a top university in the United States – «where things happen». Young Swiss researchers are encouraged to leave the country for a few years after earning their doctorate. Substantial funding is available from the public purse, particularly the Swiss National Fund. At regular intervals, the question of whether this «outward subsidy» is sustainable for Switzerland as a location for science is raised. Are highly qualified young scientists emigrating, supported by tax money, to foreign universities? Is Switzerland experiencing a brain drain?
Circulation not drain
Against the background of the «war for talent» being waged since the late 1990s, particularly in the United States, Gebert Rüf Stiftung launched an initiative to address the topic of brain drain. Through a number of small projects, a wide-ranging debate was started in the media. As a result, the phantom of a Swiss brain drain has dissipated, replaced by the image of brain circulation: the mark of a globally oriented academic milieu and of an attractive place to do science with strong international ties.
Objective: a positive brain balance
The question central to policymaking in the area of promoting young academic talent is whether Switzerland as a location of innovation can offer enough attractive positions at universities and research centres for junior talents. Whether or not they are Swiss seems hardly relevant. The crucial factor is whether Switzerland's brain balance in terms of highly qualified junior scientists is positive or negative. However, for as long as there are no statistically relevant figures available on the migration of mid-level faculty, for as long as the Swiss National Science Foundation, for instance, does not keep «track» of its grantees, we can only speculate – and it will not be possible to objectify the «brain drain» phantom.